Sunday, October 25, 2015

The most exciting time of the hunting season is still ahead of us

© Othmar Vohringer

For hunters the colder days ahead mean that more deer are moving about during daylight hours, especially bucks. You see, just about this time of the year deer start to feel amorous; bucks are starting to search day and night for receptive does. The “rut”, as it is called, is an exciting time for hunters.

Much has been said and written about the rut and yet it still is an unsolved mystery for many. The rut is broken down into segments called “pre-rut”, “rut” and “late rut”. Some hunters are of the mistaken belief that these are three entirely separate events. That is not so. The rut begins when the females come into the first estrus cycle and ends when the last doe is bred or the buck’s antlers fall off sometime in late December. The activity pattern of the rut is related to the estrous cycle of the females. It is during the first estrus cycle that most rutting activity ensues because all older females come in heat more or less together. As the first estrus cycle slows down it takes 28 days for the remaining does that have not been bred the first time around to come into an estrus cycle again together with the younger females. This results in another spike of buck activity. This cycle of 28 day intervals continues until all receptive have been bred. Of course the more does are served, each consecutive estrus cycle level becomes weaker and buck activity slows down. That, in a nutshell, is how the deer rut works.

There is much hunter folklore and myth about the rut that still is in common belief today. I will attempt to debunk the most common one first. “The rut is triggered by the first full moon after the fall equinox.” It’s an old myth that has been completely disprove by science. The rut is triggered by the first females coming into estrous cycle and that is triggered by the change of daylight hours available and a number of other aspects such as climatic differences between south and north. Another long-held belief is that the best time to get a buck is during the peak of the rut. The fact is that this is the worst time of all. The best time to hunt bucks is right around mid-October during the pre-rut when bucks travel day and night in search of receptive females. Once the rut kicks in the bucks stay with the females and just wait until one after another come into estrus. However, they do not stay with the does in the open during prime hunting times. Bucks will hole up nearby in thickets waiting for nightfall until they join the does in the open fields and pastures. Here in BC we have so many does that once a buck finds them he just stays with the group of does, breeding them all as they come in heat. Because of that fact the best time to hunt bucks is the pre-rut when bucks still travel searching for females. A traveling buck is a vulnerable buck.

What hunting tactics you employ depends very much on the deer species you’re after. Mule deer are quite different from Whitetail deer. A Mule deer buck can be here today and somewhere entirely different tomorrow. Mule deer often travel vast distances in a single night. When I hunt for mule deer I like to get up high to a place where I can overlook a big area below me. There I sit for hours using my binoculars to look below me for any buck cruising around. Once I spot a legal buck the challenge is to get undetected within shooting range of the animal. With whitetail deer it is different. They are territorial and will stay in the same general area all their lives. My preference is to set up ground blinds or portable treestands that I set up along little-used trails in the thick vegetation near field edges and crossing points that show the typical buck signs such as scrapes in the dirt and rubs on trees. It is these secondary trails the bucks use to travel between female feeding and bedding areas to scent-check the does for their readiness.

So get ready for the most exciting time of the hunting season, plan on staying all day out, you never know when and where that lovesick buck will show up. Good luck to you all.

For more information on rut hunting tactics:
Scouting for hunting success
Mapping out deer hunting success
Understanding the rut
Rut myth debunked (Series)
Timing the whitetail deer rut
Using Decoys to bring in big bucks
Calls and scent for the rut

Monday, October 19, 2015

Wisconsin Introduces Bill To Futher Criminalize The Harassment of Hunters

© Othmar Vohringer

Wisconsin Rep. Adam Jarchow introduced a hunter protection bill that includes fines of up to 10,000 dollars and nine months jail for animal rights activists that that photograph, film, or otherwise harassing hunters in the field.

Although there are already federal laws protecting hunters from zealous animal rights activists there are more and more U.S. states add additional laws to curb hunter harassment and interfering with the legal taking of an animal by militant animal rights activists. As can be expected animal rights group view such laws as unconstitutional.

Read the full article on the Field & Stream Website.

To read about the right to hunt, fish and trap act visit this page on the Congressional Sportsmen’s Foundation.

Friday, March 20, 2015

A Voice For Canada’s Wild Turkey

© Othmar Vohringer

(Column originally published in the Merritt Herald)

It is no secret that organizations like Ducks Unlimited, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, Wild Sheep Society of British Columbia and a long list of similar organizations right down to the many local Fish & Game Clubs across Canada pour millions of dollars and countless volunteer hours into wildlife conservation. Some of these organizations concentrate on a single species and its conservation needs. One of these is the Canadian Wild Turkey Federation; it is the new kid on the block of Canadian operated wildlife conservation organizations and was founded, like most, by concerned hunters.

Until last year the conservation efforts for the growing Canadian wild turkey population has been represented by the American based NWTF (National Wild Turkey Federation). When the NWTF closed its Canada branch in the spring of 2014 to concentrate on turkey conservation issues occurring in the U.S. the vacancy was taken up by the founding of the Canadian Wild Turkey Federation (CWTF). This new, not-for-profit organization’s mission statement is to promote the establishment, restoration, preservation and sustainable management of wild turkeys and their habitats across Canada. As well, to develop conservation and research programs and engage in projects to preserve and enhance wild turkey hunting practices, traditions and heritage. It is also to focused on working with governments, other organizations and stakeholders to develop programs and engage in projects to protect wild turkeys and their habitat though education and youth conservation programs. The CWTF, with head office in Ontario, has many chapters across Canada and is hoping to set chapters up in British Columbia too. CWTF chapters are concerned with fundraising events, public education and other programs to aid the conservation needs and CWTF mission on a provincial level.

Canada has a thriving turkey population with the main population residing in the province of Ontario, however, here in British Columbia turkey populations also exist. The presence of these birds has been ongoing for probably a century or more; turkeys have been migrating from the south and entering Canada in a fairly recent natural expansion of their range.
Unlike in other provinces, British Columbia has yet to establish a conservation program for wild turkeys and in fact, regards the birds as an alien species. Yet, there are records going back to 1910 of wild turkey sightings in BC. Other records state that in the 1960’s flocks of turkeys migrating from America established themselves in the East Kootenay range.

When I emigrated from Switzerland to America and encountered wild turkeys I was instantly mesmerized by these fascinating animals and joined the National Wild Turkey Federation in an attempt to learn more about this remarkable bird and do my bit to aid in their conservation. Turkeys soon became my favourite bird species to hunt and to study. When news broke last year that a group of Canadian hunters founded the Canadian Wild Turkey Federation I signed up as a member of the new organization here in my own home country. It is my hope that in the near future the CWTF can set up several chapters in BC. Education is important since there are still many misconceptions about wild turkeys. Two of the most persistent myths are that wild turkeys have a devastating effect on agriculture and to other upland birds, such as the Ruffed Grouse and Pheasants. However, locally based studies conducted in the mid 1990 have addressed these issues with the conclusion being that turkeys do not inflict more damage on agriculture than any other wildlife and they do not cause any threatening effect on other upland bird populations.

The Canadian Wild Turkey Federation hopes to work closely together with provincial and federal governments to ensure a secure and prosperous future for the Canadian wild turkey. To achieve this goal the CWTF relies on memberships and support from the conservation and hunting community. To learn more about the CWTF and how you can help visit their website

Monday, March 02, 2015

News: Vermont Considering Crossbows For Fall Archery Hunt

© By WILSON RING / Associated Press

MONTPELIER, Vt. (AP) — The Vermont Fish and Wildlife Board wants to expand the use of crossbows during the fall archery deer-hunting season, hoping to lure more hunters by making shooting easier and more precise.

Vermont currently allows archers to use crossbows only if they have a physical condition that prevents them from using a traditional vertical bow. Crossbows have rifle-like stocks and telescopic sights.

Officials hope the change will make an aging population of hunters stay with bow hunting or bring in others who don't feel they can master the vertical bow.

“That's a huge change,” said Rick Sanborn, the owner of R&L Archery in Barre, a store that sells archery, both traditional and crossbows, and other hunting and outdoors equipment.

About 6,000 of the 20,000 archery licenses sold each year go to crossbow users, and the number is going up, officials said.

“We have an aging population of hunters,” Sanborn said. “I'm a part of it. We're the Baby Boom Generation, and we're starting to fall apart. Every year there's more people who qualify.”

The Fish and Wildlife Board, which implements hunting and fishing regulations in the state, wants the new crossbow regulations implemented in time for this fall's archery hunt. The change must also be approved by the Legislature, said Mark Scott, the wildlife director for the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife.

The crossbow proposal and several other changes to hunting regulations were developed by the board after a deer management study and two years of public input.

The archery season would also be expanded by 10 days, starting a week earlier and lasting three days longer into October, and archery and muzzle loading season deer limits would be reduced from three deer to two.

The board must approve the proposal three times before it can take effect. The first approval was last month.

Officials are planning to hold a series of hearings across the state at the end of March. Interested people can also submit written comments to the board through the Fish and Wildlife website.

Scott said nearly two dozen other states have some form of liberalized hunting with crossbows beyond just allowing disabled hunters to use them.

“The plus with crossbows ... is that people can become more proficient using the implement with a lot less practice than with a traditional bow,” Scott said. “The reality is that's probably not a bad thing.”

It will make it easier for people who might not have the time to practice with a bow to get out and bow hunt.

But it doesn't guarantee people will be able to get a deer.

“You still have to put yourself in the woods, in a natural environment, probably within 35 yards or less, to make a good, accurate clean shot,” Scott said.

The proposal isn't universally favored.

Arick Miller, 26, of Barre Town, who bow hunts every fall until he gets a deer, was practicing with a traditional bow on R&L's indoor archery range on Tuesday. He doesn't believe the use of crossbows should be expanded.

“Why not learn the bow and do it traditionally?” Miller said. “I was brought up on this thing. I'll never pick up one of those (crossbows) unless I'm disabled.”

See more at:

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Merritt Resident Wins Bronze Medal At Canada Winter Games in Prince George

© Othmar Vohringer

(Originally published in the Merritt Herald - Othmar Vohringer, The Outdoorsman)

Dakota O’Donovan, a young Merritt resident, and his teammate Brian Ng from Langley scored a bronze medal in the air pistol shooting competition at the Canada Winter Games 2015, held in Prince George. Dakota O’Donovan has come a very long way in the shooting sport from his beginnings when he joined the Nicola Valley Fish & Game Club archery classes five years ago. From the archery Dakota enrolled into the club’s .22 rifle shooting classes. He liked the shooting sport so much that he began seriously thinking about becoming a competitive sport target shooter.

Dakota did exactly that when he joined the BC airgun shooting team and began his training program. The bronze medal win is indeed a great achievement, especially considering that Brian Ng and Dakota O’Donovan only spent a very short time together as a team. Yet, they had confidence and trust in each others ability. During the competition neither of the two was able to see the others shooting results. “We really had no idea how the other was doing until the results were combined.” explained Dakota to me.

The bronze medal is by Dakota’s words, his biggest achievement in his life to date, and it only took him a little more than a year to become proficient enough to compete in the Canadian Winter Games. The bronze medal is also an outward symbol that shows others where dedication and discipline can take you. He started off learning archery skills with a wooden recurve bow that was provided by the Nicola Valley Fish & Game club and after that moved on to learning to shoot a firearm with a gun that was provided by the course instructor. What led Dakota to his current success is the will and determination to succeed in what he started by putting the time and hard work in it that it takes to be the best he can be. With that he serves as a positive role model to the young people of his generation.

I asked Dakota what his upcoming plans are; perhaps making it all the way to the Canadian Olympic pistol shooting team? Why not! For Dakota the road ahead is wide open and he can take it as far as he wants too. But for the moment he is concentrating on training his skills, taking part in more competitions and taking it one day at the time.

This summer the Nicola Valley Fish & Game Club will host another .22 rifle shooting course and offers an ongoing archery course for members and non-members alike. Learning to shoot a firearm or bow provides a fun experience in a social setting of likeminded people, it also teaches responsibility, discipline, concentration, attention to detail and hand-eye-coordination. These are all useful and needed skills in everyday life and work.

Image caption: 
Dakota O’Donovan (far right with shooting instructor Bruce Merkley looking on) took his first baby steps to a medal winning target shooter in the Nicola Valley Fish & Game Club’s youth rifle shooting course. 

Sunday, February 01, 2015

Harper Government Reforms Firearm Act

© Othmar Vohringer

In October 2014 the Harper Government introduced an amendment to the existing firearm act they named “Common Sense Firearm Licensing Act”. Bill C-42 as it is called officially has passed second reading in November of 2014 and it widely believed to pass the 3rd and final reading too, despite strong opposition of the Liberals and the NDP, both of which announced that if they win the next election, would bring back gun-control-laws.

It was a long time coming, but Harper is slowly fulfilling his election promise to make life easier for law abiding firearm owners and to put the blame of gun violence where it belongs. The criminals! To this effect the government introduced laws that mandate the courts to punish violent criminals much more harshly than was previously the case, and with less chance of parole and making up excuses to evade long-term prison sentences.

Dan Albas, Conservative MP for the Okanagan-Coquihalla Constituency attended the Nicola Valley Fish & Game Club meeting on January 21st to explain what Bill C-42 is all about and to get input from firearm owners that he will take to Ottawa for discussion.

Here are the essential points of this new legislation:

Mandatory firearm safety training
Under the new act it still would be a mandatory requirement for any first time firearm applicant to successfully complete a firearm safety course.

Firearms prohibition for domestic violence
The amendment in Bill C-42 would require courts to impose a mandatory weapon prohibition order when an offender is prosecuted by indictment and convicted of a violent offence. This order can be issued for life and is also applied to first time convictions. This means that a firearm holder convicted of a domestic assault or other violent crime could be forbidden to ever own a firearm again, including upon first conviction.

Grace period
The grace period would allow a firearm licence holder to retain the firearm beyond six months of the license expiry date without risking penalties and confiscation of the firearm. This grace period is designed to assist lawful firearm owners who may face challenges by the notoriously slow licence renewal process or who reside abroad during the time of their licence expiry date. However, during this grace period of six months, the firearm owner cannot legally obtain ammunition, additional firearms, or use the firearms for hunting and target shooting. Violations of these restrictions could result in the licence being revoked.

POL (Possession Only License)
The Possession Only Licence (POL) would be eliminated in favour of only one license: the PAL (Possession and Acquisition License). The approximately 600,000 POL license holders across Canada would be supplied with a PAL license after their POL license expires.

Authorization to Transport (ATT)
Under current law owners of prohibited firearms, i.e. handguns, must fill out an application form every time they take their weapon to a gunsmith or to a shooting range. Under the new law such time consuming separate applications would fall away for routine and lawful activities, such as traveling to shooting ranges, going to an individual’s home following a CFO (Chief Firearm Officer) approved transfer of ownership, taking the firearm to a gunsmith, and so on.

One very important aspect of Bill C-42 will see to it that RCMP and CFO have to provide full disclosure and clear reasons for their decisions and administrating regulations in a fair manner across all jurisdictions. As is widely practised now, those decisions are based on the individual officer’s discretion or interpretation of the law.

To read the full text of the proposed law visit Open Parliament Website. I am happy with this new law and hope that after 2015 we still will have a Conservative government and see more improvements of legal firearm ownership. The other option of having a Liberal or NDP government would result in legal firearm owners being once again used as scapegoats for the lack of addressing the real problems that create the issues of firearm related violent crimes.

Monday, November 03, 2014

An Email From An Anti-Hunter

© Othmar Vohringer

A few days ago I received an email from an animal rights activist. It’s not the first time and like the ones before, mostly contains the kind of language that cannot be printed in a publication such as this. The thing that baffles me time and again is how these people can put “love”, “respect” and “compassion” in the same sentence with wishes “… that you will die a gruesome death.” And to add emphasis to their universal hatred for hunters: “people like you should all be rounded up and summarily shot.”

Make no mistake, I am a great supporter of animal welfare organizations and have even volunteered my time for such. My faithful dog “Gazu” came from an animal shelter and the hard work volunteers do there every single day earns my deepest respect. But I deplore the many animal rights organizations, like PeTA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), the HSUS (Humane Society of the United States), and the slew of similar organizations that raise vast sums of money, most of which disappears into the pockets of their board members. These groups resort to lies and fabrications that are designed to tug on the heartstrings of children and city folks, to get them to donate money.

While PeTA claims that they do not endorse violence against people to intimate others a little research about that organization quickly shows that they readily support radical and militant animal rights terrorists, that blow up, or set fire to, farms and other animal husbandry systems. PeTA founder and president for life, Ingrid Newkirk, even went so far as to say; “The activists of the ALF (Animal Liberation Front) are the true heroes of animal liberation.” This is the organizations that the FBI and the US government officially declared “Domestic Terrorists”.

How far this hatred can go became evident a few weeks ago. A father posted a picture on his facebook site of his son with the first deer he shot. It took all of 24 hours to get over 150 comments from animal rights activists. Most of the comments in some form or other voiced not only displeasure about the image but also a violent death to the child. One of the animal rights activists recognized the boy and revealed his address on facebook, commenting “…someone should go there and kill that little f… the same way he killed that innocent deer.” I followed some of the protester’s profile links and to my horror learned that these comments were made by adults, most of them parents too. It begs the question of how low can someone sink in his political views that he wishes someone would inflict harm or kill a child. The father of the boy felt the need to contact the police and seek protection for his son from these radicals. This is by no means an isolated case. There are thousands of cases on social media where hunters are threatened. How are animal rights activists even made aware of hunters on social media? From organizations like PeTA which posts 24/7 “alerts” on their sites with the urging of “take action against this atrocity”. With that these organizations openly engage in the spread of hatred.

The fact animal rights folks overlook, and purposely so, is that all life on this planet is sustained by ending another life. Even vegetarians and vegans, which are some of the most hateful, ignorant and violent among the animal rights crowd, have blood on their hands. The crop fields, fruit and vegetable plantations were at one time wildlife habitat, and so are the towns and cities vegetarians live in and the roads they drive on with their cars. Pesticides used to protect crops kill billions of insects- insects which are the food source of songbirds, mice and other animals.

The wildlife that called these places home did not just yield willingly, they were displaced or killed. Vegetarians and animal rights activists wear shoes that are made from the skins of slaughtered cattle. Nutritional supplements like Iron and Vitamin B 12 that vegans need to supplement their diet, are for the most part derived from animal by-products.

Everybody dreams of a fantasy world where the lion sleeps with the lamb. But that is not how nature works. Nature works on the principle of eat and be eaten. Every living thing on this earth, even plants, prospers because something else died. It’s an endless cycle of creating life through death. It has been so since life first took hold on this earth and no animal rights terrorist agenda is going to change that.
When I kill an animal I do not gloat about it. I am proud of the fact that, as a hunter, I am able to provide healthy, organic and nutritious meat for our dinner table. Unlike animal rights activists, I have not lost touch with the real world around us and the part we play in it. I realized a long time ago that death must occur to sustain life. The difference is that some people can accept that fact and are stronger for it while others prefer to ignore the facts of life and choose to commit violent acts to support their radical political agenda.

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Bluetongue Virus Identified in New Jersey Deer

News Item provided by

New Jersey wildlife officials confirmed that the state’s first traces of bluetongue virus have been found on two dead deer. According to the Department of Environmental Protection, the deer were discovered in Somerset and Morris County last month (September 2014) and tested positive for the disease, which is spread by bites from the midge Culicoides imicola. Experts often compare bluetongue disease to the similar epizootic hemorrhagic disease, as both share the same symptoms, affect the same species, and are not considered contagious. Bluetongue, however, has a reputation for causing affected animals to develop foot lesions. In animals like deer, elk, pronghorn, and cattle, it can be extremely painful and eventually causes death. The erratic movements caused by the foot lesions have caused bluetongue to also be known as the “dancing disease.”

“The bluetongue virus is widely distributed in the United States, but has not been previously found in deer in New Jersey,” said Division of Fish and Wildlife Director Dave Chanda. “Both diseases are spread to animals by the bite of a certain type of midge. Neither disease can be transmitted to people. While EHD is only found in deer populations, the bites of the midge can transmit bluetongue to certain types of livestock.”

Mortality is relatively low with bluetongue, although there is no effective treatment for affected wildlife. The incubation period can last anywhere from a week to 20 days and symptoms can involve a high fever, swelling of the lips, and respiratory problems. Since the disease is spread by midges, experts expect that the potential for disease transmission will end when the winter frost kills the insects.

Like EHD, people cannot contract bluetongue through handling infected deer or eating venison. A midge bite will also not give people the disease. However, wildlife officials still advise against touching or eating any deer that appears to be ill.

Thursday, October 02, 2014

New York Allows Crossbows For Hunting

© By Othmar Vohringer

The New York Department of Environmental Conservation signed on August 27, 2014 an act into law that permits crossbows to be used by hunters. However, unlike many other U.S. states where crossbows have been made legal archery hunting equipment New York still does not recognize them as such.

In order to hunt with a crossbow hunters need to successfully challenge a crossbow qualification & safety training test. Hunters wishing to use a crossbow also must in some cases be in possession of  a valid muzzleloader licence. The department states; "The new law essentially treats crossbows as a muzzleloader." There are also certain regions or "zones" where crossbows are not permitted. While there are areas and times when crossbows are permitted outside of the muzzlelader season, in most instances they are only permitted during the regular muzzleloader hunting season.

With all the restrictions in place I still find it encouraging to see that yet another state has given hunters the opportunity to use crossbows for hunting big and small game species. It's a start in the right direction.

To read the new regulations and information about crossbow hunting in New York visit the website of the New York Department of Environmental Conservation/Crossbow Hunting.   

Friday, September 26, 2014

PeTA Announces New Plan To Harass Anglers And Hunters

© By Othmar Vohringer

The animal rights lunatic fringe group PeTA announced that they will launch submersible drones called "Aquatic Angel" equipped with cameras to stalk anglers. The "Aquatic Angel" is the newest tool of this animal rights group, following on the heels of the "Air Angel" drones released in 2013 to harass hunters while in the field.  I guess the drones are submersible for one reason only, to scare fish away from anglers.

The release is slated for tomorrow, September 27, which is the National Hunting and Fishing Day in the USA and Canada. Both countries have laws on the book that expressly protects anglers and hunters in the legal pursuit of game and fish from the interference through animal rights and anti hunting people. In other words, what PeTA does with the release of the spy drones is illegal and just another from of harassing hunter and anglers, and interfering with the legal taking of fish and game. I have heard of several reports where hunters have shot down spy drones, apparently they make for good target practice.

Read more about it on the U.S. Sportsmen's Alliance Website.
And here is what the PeTA lunatics have to say.
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